The 12 Rules for Occupational Safety

Occupational Safety

To ensure a safe working environment every employee must understand the basic rules of prevention to identify dangers and control risk.

1. High-risk situation

Ensure that all equipment /installations are being start up and shut down using current standard operating procedures.

– Situations where risk level is temporarily increased are always reported.
– Induced risks are identified and analyzed and compensatory measures are implemented.

2. Traffic (Machinery, Vehicles, Pedestrians)

Ensure speed limits are always adhered to

– Speed limits and signage apply inside and outside site.

3. Tools
Ensure to always use the correct tools for the job and environment
– Use the specific tools allocated for the necessary job.
– Inappropriate posture when handling tools can cause physical harm.

4. Protective equipment
Ensure that access to site or installations is only granted if the correct personal protective equipment (PPE) is being worn.
– Use of collective protection is the best practice.
– Take personal measures to use the specific PPE.

5. Work permits
Ensure that all jobs carried out have a valid work permit.
– Any work performed on site requires a permit.

6. Lifting
Ensure that no unauthorized personnel are near area where load is being lifted.
– Preliminary risk analysis is required when work involving crane, hoist or other mechanical systems.
– Equipment must be in good condition.
– Personnel must be qualified and access to these areas must be restricted.

7. Work on powered systems
Ensure that all power and product supply has been rendered imperative before performing any work.
– Energy to be safely discharged or the equipment to be purged and vented.
– Lockout system is set up to isolate the energy or product according to a specific method.

8. Confined spaces
Ensure that confined spaces are not entered until isolation has been verified and atmosphere is checked.
– Confined spaces (container, tank, well etc.) should not be entered without supervision.
– Ensure all confined spaces atmosphere and isolation have been checked.

9. Excavation work
Ensure that excavation work is not performed without a valid work permit comprising a map of all underground hazards.
– Manual or mechanical excavation work including dragging rivers and seabeds, can only start after a risk analysis has been performed.
– Identify all hazards in the zone and ensure related precautions have been taken.

10. Working at heights
Ensure that safety harness is in place when working at heights and there is no collective protective equipment.
– Work at height is performed on fixed mobile platforms with a guardrail designed for the task at hand.
– Work on rooftops (building, reservoirs) is performed only after the roof’s solidarity has been checked and appropriate protection has been set up.
– Ladders are a mean of access only, their use must remain exceptional.

11. Change management
Ensure that technical and organizational changes are first authorized before implementation.
– Changes in techniques or organization must be subject to risk analysis.
12. Simultaneous operations or co-activities
Ensure that simultaneous operations and co-activities are only performed after prior visits.
– Work or operations inside a unit in operation can increase risk levels.
– Interferences due to simultaneous operations or joint-activities must be identified and controlled.